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Research outputs

Foundational Publications

[Selected works germane to the Research Initiative published by associated researchers before 2009]

"Tribing and Untribing the Archive: Identity and the Material Record in Southern KwaZulu-Natal in the Late Independent and Colonial Periods", edited by Carolyn Hamilton and Nessa Leibhammer

De Prada, J.M., La niña que creó las estrellas: relatos orales de los bosquimanos /xam ("The girl who made the stars: oral tales of the /xam San"), Madrid, Lengua de Trapo, 2001.

De Prada, J.M., El pájaro que canta el bien el mal: la vida y los cuentos tradicionales de Azcaria Prieto (1882-1970), Madrid, Lengua de Trapo, 2004.

De Prada, J.M., "The plant lore of the /Xam San: //Kabbo and ≠Kasin's identification of 'Bushman medicines'", Culturas populares. Revista electronica, 4, 2007 (available on-line at

Harris, V., "Public Access to Official Records and the Record Management Function of the South African State Archives Service", Innovation 4, 1992.

Harris, V., and Merrett, C., "Towards a Culture of Transparency: Public Rights of Access to Official Records in South Africa", The American Archivist, 57, 4, 1994.

Harris, V., "Redefining Archives in South Africa: Public Archives and Society in Transition, 1990-1996", Archivaria 42, 1996.

Harris, V., "Claiming Less, Delivering More: A Critique of Positivist Formulations on Archives in South Africa", Archivaria 44, 1997.

Harris, V., "'They Should Have Destroyed More': The Destruction of Public Records by the South African State in the Final Years of Apartheid", Transformation 42, 2000.

Harris, V., "On the Back of a Tiger: Deconstructive Possibilities in 'Evidence of Me'", Archives and Manuscripts 29,1, 2001.

Harris, V., "On (Archival) Odyssey(s)", Archivaria 51, 2001.

Harris, V., "The Archival Sliver: Power, Memory and Archives in South Africa", Archival Science 2,1-2, 2002.

Harris, V., "The Archival Sliver: Power, Memory and Archives in South Africa", Archival Science 2,1-2, 2002.

Harris, V., and Duff, W., "Stories and Names: Archival Description as Narrating Records and Constructing Meanings", Archival Science 2,3-4, 2002.

Harris, V., Hamilton, C., Taylor, J., Pickover, M., Reid, G., and Saleh, R., Refiguring the Archive, David Philip and Kluwer Academic Publishers, Cape Town and Dordrecht, 2002.

Harris, V. and Cunningham, A., Special issue of Comma (2003.1) with the theme "Archives and Indigenous Peoples", International Council on Archives, Paris, 2003.

Harris, V., Hatang, S., and Liberman, P., "Unveiling South Africa's Nuclear Past", Journal of Southern African Studies 30,3, 2004.

Harris, V. "Concerned with the Writings of Others: Archival Canons, Discourses and Voices", Journal of the Society of Archivists 25,2, 2004.

Mandela, N., (with Harris, V., as head of project team), A Prisoner in the Garden: Opening Nelson Mandela's Prison Archive, Penguin, Johannesburg, 2005.

Harris, V., "'Something is Happening Here and You Don't Know What it Is': Jacques Derrida Unplugged", Journal of the Society of Archivists 26,1, 2005. (A Norwegian translation was published in the Norwegian publication Bok Og Bibliotek 1-2005.)

Harris, V., "Archives, Record-keeping and Access to Information" in Doxtader, E., (ed.), Provoking Questions: An Assessment of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission's Recommendations and their Implementation, Institute for Justice and Reconciliation, Cape Town, 2005.

Harris, V. "Archives, Politics and Justice" in Procter, M., Cook, M., and Williams, C. (eds), Political Pressure and the Archival Record, Society of American Archivists, Chicago, 2005.

Harris, V., Archives and Justice: A South African Perspective, Society of American Archivists, Chicago, 2007.

Hamilton, C., (with, and for, the Nelson Mandela Foundation) A Prisoner in the Garden: Opening Nelson Mandela's Prison Archive, Johannesburg, Penguin, 2005 Hamilton, C., Harris, V., Pickover, M., Reid, G., Saleh, R. and Taylor, J. (eds), Refiguring the Archive, Kluwer Press (Netherlands) and David Philip (South Africa), 2002 (editor and contributor).

Hamilton, C., Terrific Majesty: The Powers of Shaka Zulu and the Limits of Historical Invention, Harvard University Press, Boston, Mass., 1998.

Higgins, J., 'Raymond Williams and Deconstruction' in Deconstruction Reading Politics ed. Martin McQuillan, London and New York: Palgrave 2008, pp. 161-177. 

Leibhammer, N., 'Present Continuous: tracing the traditional in contemporary African art' in Messages and Meanings, MTN Collection catalogue. Johannesburg: David Krut Publishing and the MTN Foundation, 2006.

Leibhammer, N., 'Beadwork from the African Continent' in Messages and Meanings, MTN Collection catalogue. Johannesburg: David Krut Publishing and the MTN Foundation, 2006.

Leibhammer, N., 'Tsonga and Shangaan: the making and molding of identities' in Dungamanzi / Stirring Waters: Tsonga and Shangaan art from southern Africa.Johannesburg: Wits University Press and Johannesburg Art Gallery, 2007.

Maaba, B., "Challenges to Repatriation and Preservation of Tangible Heritage in South Africa: Black Art and the experiences of the Ifa Lethu Foundation". Paper presented at the Africom Conference, Cape Town, 5 October 2006, South African Historical Journal, Vol. 60(3), 2008.

Maingard, J., South African National Cinema, Routledge, London and New York, 2007.

Maingard, J., "South African Cinema: Histories and Futures", Screen, 48, 4, Winter 2007, pp. 511-516.

Maingard, J., "Cast in Celluloid: Imag(in)ing Identities in South African Cinema", Wintle, M. (ed) Image into Identity: Constructing and AssigningIdentity in a Culture of Modernity, Rodopi, Amsterdam, 2006, pp. 83-100.

Maingard, J., "Framing South African National Cinema and Television, Balseiro, I. and Masilela, N. (eds) To Change Reels: Film and Film Culture in South Africa, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, 2003, pp. 115-131.

Mataga, J., "Beyond the Dance: A Look at  Mbende (Jerusarema) traditional Dance in Zimbabwe", in International Journal of Intangible Heritage, vol.3. 2008, pp95-102

Mataga, J., "Preservation of Spiritual Heritage in Zimbabwe: the case of Gomba / Mazowe landscape". Journal of Prehistory, 28, 2008, pp 180-191.

Mhlambi, T., "Kwaitofabulous: The study of a South African urban genre" in Journal of Musical Arts in Africa, 1/1, Cape Town, 2004.

Sandon, E., ''Preserving a Heritage? South African Archive Documentary 1910-1940'' in Canadian Journal of Film Studies, Special Issue: ''The Old and the New: Updating Documentary Historiographies'', Volume 16, No 1.2007, pp.51-62.

Sandon, E., Holland, P., ''Can Whiskey Come too? Reflections on Viewing Domestic Colonial Photographic Collections'' in Faulkner, S., Ramamurthy, A., eds., Visual Culture and Decolonisation in Britain, Ashgate Publishing Ltd., London, 2006, pp.153-188.

Sandon, E., "Representing 'African Life': from the Ethnographic Exhibitions to Nionga and Stampede" in Higson, A.,ed., Young and Innocent? The Cinema in Britain 1896-1930, University of Exeter Press, Exeter, 2002, pp.191-207.

Sandon, E., ''Projecting Africa: two British travel films of the 1920s'' in Hallam, E., and Street, B.,V., eds., Cultural Encounters, Representing 'Otherness' Routledge, London, 2000, pp.108-148.

Shepherd, N., "The Politics of Archaeology in Africa." Annual Review of Anthropology 31, 2002, pp.189-202.

Shepherd, N., "Disciplining Archaeology; The Invention of South African Prehistory, 1923 - 1953". Kronos 28, 2002, pp.127-145.

Shepherd, N., ""When the hand that holds the trowel is black"; disciplinary practices of self-representation and the issue of 'native' labour in archaeology". Journal of Social Archaeology 3(3), 2003, pp.334-352.

Shepherd, N., State of the Discipline; Science, culture and identity in South African archaeology, 1870-2003. Journal of Southern African Studies 29(4), 2003, pp.823-844.

Shepherd, N., "Heading South, Looking North. Why we need a Post-Colonial Archaeology". Public Archaeology 3(4), 2004, pp.248-256, (republication).

Shepherd, N., Archaeology Dreaming; Postapartheid urban imaginaries and the bones of the Prestwich Street dead. Journal of Social Archaeology 7(1), 2007, pp.3-28.

Shepherd, N., What does it mean "to give the past back to the people"? Archaeology and Ethics in the Postcolony. In: Hamilakis, Y. and Duke, P. (eds.) Archaeology and Capitalism; from ethics to politics. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press, 2007, pp.99-114.

Skotnes, P., (with John Parkington, Nigel Penn, Stephen Watson and Stephen Jay Gould), Sound from the thinking strings: A visual, literary, archaeological and historical interpretation of 19th century |Xam life. Cape Town, Axeage Private Press, 1991.

Skotnes, P.,White Wagons: or What we thought of the white man's wagons. Edition: 25. Cape Town, Axeage Private Press, 1993.

Skotnes, P. (ed.), Miscast: Negotiating the Presence of the Bushmen. Cape Town, UCT Press, 1996.

Skotnes, P. and Fleishman, M., A story is the wind: an art and performance project in Clanwilliam. University of Cape Town, Llarec Series in Visual History, 2002.

Skotnes, P., van Embden, G. and Langerman, F., Curiosity CLXXV: A Paper Cabinet. Curating collections at the University of Cape Town. Cape Town, Llarec Series in Visual History, 2004.

Skotnes, P., "Civilised off the face of the earth": museum display and the silencing of the |Xam. In de Kock, L., Bethlehem, L. and Laden, S. South Africain the global imaginary. Pretoria, Unisa Press, 2004, ISBN 86888-260-8 pp.32-56.

Skotnes, P.,Claim to the country: The archive of Wilhelm Bleek and Lucy Lloyd. Johannesburg: Jacana Press and Athens: Ohio University Press. (390 pages plus DVD) Including The Digital Bleek and Lloyd (, 2007.

Skotnes, P., Unconquerable spirit: George Stow's history paintings of the San. Johannesburg, Jacana Press and Athens, Ohio University Press, 2008.

Skotnes, P., 2005. The visual as a site of meaning. In Heyd, T. and Clegg, J. Aesthetics and rock art. London, Ashgate, 2005, ISBN 0 7546 3924 X pp.201-213.

Thomas, K., "Selling Sorrow: testimony, representation and images of HIV positive South African Women" in Social Dynamics, Vol. 34, No 2, September 2008.

Webb, C. de B., and Wright, J.B., eds. The James Stuart Archive of Recorded Oral Evidence Relating to the History of the Zulu and Neighbouring Peoples, vols. 1-5, University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg, 1976 -2001 (vol. 6 in progress).

Webb, C. de B., and Wright, J.B., eds.A Zulu King Speaks: Statements Made by Cetshwayo kaMpande on the History and Customs of His People, University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg, 1st ed. 1978, 2nd ed. 1987.

Wright, J., 'Making The James Stuart Archive', History in Africa, 23, 1996, pp 333-350.